Mitochondrial DNA Diversity Studies in Apis cerana populations of Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve

Ecological diversity of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve provides an appropriate foraging and nesting substrates for different honeybee species making honey hunting a lucrative activity. The molecular diversity studies of Apis cerana, the indigenous strain of India in Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve is very much essential as it provides significant guidance to beekeepers about breeding strategies that would aide in their colonies to survive. The current research in this paper describes the pilot study undertook to evaluate the genetic diversity of Apis cerana from populations of Biosphere. Bee colonies from 10 localities of Nilgiri Biosphere have been genetically characterized through COI gene of mitochondrial genome, providing discreet characteristics for intra-specific diversity studies. There are two predominant species of Indian honey bees, Apis cerana cerana (black strain) and Apis cerana indica (yellow strain). This has led to infer the taxonomic status of two subspecies of Apis cerana. The results suggest that the mobile beekeeping in Nilgiris has resulted in genetic recombination of different strains which are grouped together in the phylogenetic clades. The paper discusses the possibility of introduction of honeybees in India in evolutionary time frame and resolving the diversity in Indian honeybees by assessing the phylogeography. Further characterization of genetic diversity is in need with respect to extensive sampling and with different mitochondrial genes.

Corresponding author:  Puttaraju. H.P*

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Citation: Puttaraju. H.P* (Mitochondrial DNA diversity studies in Apis cerana populations of Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve) BIOMIRROR: 46-51 / bm- 0562081514

Copyright: ©: Puttaraju. H.P*. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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